What is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation disorders are common patches of skin that become darker than surrounding areas of skin. It appears as flat spots of discolouration. These range in color from pink to red, brown or black, depending on skin tone and the depth of discolouration. Types of hyperpigmentation include melasma, lentigines, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Each of these have different causes and a range of treatments and products, including creams and cosmetic procedures.
Many therapeutic options exist, though treatment is often difficult, requiring a lengthy therapy. Pigmentation disorders of the skin occur commonly and manifest in a variety of different forms. Two separate mechanisms account for the increased pigmentation and each may arise in the epidermis, dermis, or mixed (dermis and epidermis)
How to get rid of Hyperpigmentation
Although hyperpigmentation is harmless, some people wish to get rid of it. There are possible treatment methods and home remedies for hyperpigmentation worth trying. To prevent hyperpigmentation, or to stop it from becoming more prominent:
- Avoid exposure to the sun. Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect the skin and stop hyperpigmentation from becoming darker.
- Avoid picking at the skin. To prevent hyperpigmentation from forming after an injury, avoid picking at spots, scabs, and acne.
People can try the following treatments to lighten dark patches of skin and remove hyperpigmentation:
Many people use topical treatments to treat hyperpigmentation. Topical treatments will include ingredients that lighten the skin, such as: Azelaic acid, Corticosteroids, Hydroquinone, Kojic acid retinoids such as tretinoin, and vitamin C
Dermapen is highly effective for treating hyperpigmentation, particularly on dark skin colours, where laser treatments may not be the safest option (Due to further pigmentation risks). The treatment creates upto 1,920 fractional microchannels per second into the skin to promote a more balances and normalized cellular function. As melanocytes (pigment producing cells) are directly targeted, a repair and corrective process encourages an even skin tone creating a radiant appearance.
Some cosmetic procedures can also lighten areas of skin to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation. Cosmetic procedures for hyperpigmentation include:
- Laser therapy
- Iintense pulsed light
- Chemical peels
If you’re considering one of these procedures, discuss the process and possible side effects with a skin care specialist, or dermatologist.
How is hyperpigmentation prevented?
It’s not always possible to prevent hyperpigmentation. However, you can protect yourself by:
- using sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30
- Wearing hats or clothing that block sunlight
- Avoiding the sun during the time of the day when it’s strongest (4pm)
- Avoiding certain medications may also help prevent hyperpigmentation.
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